Vocational training - school - university
Approximately 70% of all vocational training programs completed in Germany are carried out in the form of dual vocational training (apprenticeship). "Dual" describes a divided form of training at two different locations: the apprentice learns theoretical knowledge at the vocational school and practical skills in the company. This form of training, as a unique feature of the German education system, continues to receive international recognition. Most state-recognized training occupations - currently about 350 - are structured according to the dual system. Especially professions in crafts, trade, industry, services, or agriculture are trained in the dual system. During the company-based training, apprentices receive remuneration from the training company.
Tip: The short videos of the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BiBB) in German and English provide insight into vocational education.
School-Based Vocational Training
In addition to dual vocational training, there is also school-based vocational training in Germany. Around 400 training occupations are available in Germany. For example, in the fields of health and social care (healthcare assistant, pharmaceutical technical assistant, geriatric nurse, social assistant, educator, etc.), in foreign languages, as well as in the fields of technology and IT (information technology assistant) or design. School-based training is completed full-time at state or private vocational schools or academies and lasts 1 to 3 years. Private vocational schools may charge tuition fees. Generally, no remuneration is provided during school-based training. However, vocational school students may be eligible for financial support under the Federal Training Assistance Act, better known as Student BAföG.
Tip: Proficiency in foreign languages is required in many professions. Inquire about which professions might consider your native language as a valuable asset in the job market.
Study at Colleges and Universities
Saxony-Anhalt, as a well-established science location, boasts an attractive university landscape. The state's universities cover a wide spectrum of different types of higher education institutions. Universities, including universities, are represented at the following locations:
- Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
- Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg
- Hochschule Anhalt
- Hochschule Merseburg
- Hochschule Magdeburg-Stendal
- Hochschule Harz
- Burg Giebichenstein Kunsthochschule Halle
Depending on the type of university, the requirement for studying is either the general higher education entrance qualification or the subject-specific higher education entrance qualification (Abitur or technical college entrance qualification).
Studying Without Abitur (Highschool Diploma)
- Subject-specific higher education entrance qualification (fachgebundene Hochschulreife) is valid only for the study directions listed in the school leaving certificate.
- Professional qualifications that entitle you to study at a university in Saxony-Anhalt. For example, master craftsman qualifications and qualifications from advanced vocational training courses.
Details regarding eligibility for studies are regulated by the Higher Education Qualifications Ordinance of the State of Saxony-Anhalt (Hochschulqualifikationsverordnung des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt HSQ-VO) in conjunction with § 27 of the Higher Education Act of the State of Saxony-Anhalt.
In artistic or design courses of study, special artistic aptitude must be demonstrated. This can be done, for example, through portfolios containing drawings, watercolors, photographs, etc., through trial work, or through special aptitude tests.
Financing and Tuition Fees
There are various options for financing education or studies. In addition to BAföG, various scholarships and the Federal Government's Education Loan Program are offered. Information on financing options from BAföG to the Deutschlandstipendium can be found on the websites of the Saxony-Anhalt Ministry of Science.
Tip: The following scholarship databases help in finding suitable financing for studies:
EU students can also apply for "domestic scholarships" (Inländerstipendien).