Social life and family
Benefits During Pregnancy
For (expectant) mothers who have their workplace in Germany, the Maternity Protection Act (MuSchG) applies. This law protects against workplace hazards and provides special protection against dismissal. Expectant mothers may not work in the last 6 weeks before childbirth without their consent and not at all for up to 8 weeks after childbirth. For premature births and multiple births, mothers may not work up to 12 weeks after childbirth.
To protect women from financial disadvantages during this time, the Maternity Protection Act regulates various maternity benefits:
- maternity allowance,
- employer contribution to maternity allowance during maternity protection periods,
- wages during employment bans outside maternity protection periods (maternity pay).
In Saxony-Anhalt, you can use the official form "Notification of Employment of Expectant Mothers in accordance with Section 5 (1) and Information in accordance with Section 19 (1) of the Maternity Protection Act" to notify of pregnancy.
As an EU citizen, you can claim child benefit for your children in Germany. The prerequisite is that you have freedom of movement.
You have freedom of movement if you are employed (either as an employee or self-employed) or a family member of an EU citizen (§ 2 (2) No. 1 or § 2, No. 2-7 FreizügG/EU).
If you are not employed, you must have sufficient health insurance coverage and adequate financial resources to be eligible for freedom of movement. Otherwise, you are not entitled to freedom of movement.
Note: If the child is older than 18 years, you can only receive child benefit under certain conditions.
The application for child benefit must be submitted by the parent with whom the child lives to the family benefits office. Since January 1, 2023, child benefit amounts to €250 per month per child.
Information on child benefit and application procedures (e.g., forms from the family benefits office) can be found in multiple languages on the website of the family benefits office https://www.familienkasse-info.de/kindergeldkassen-in-sachsen-anhalt.html
Note: If your family lives in another EU country, it must first be clarified which country is responsible for paying child benefit. You may receive partial benefits in different EU countries.
Benefits are usually provided through vouchers or direct payments to the provider. Seek advice locally.
If the income is not sufficient for the entire family, parents or legal guardians can receive child allowance (informally known as child benefit supplement) in addition to child benefit. However, the application for child allowance must be submitted separately to the family benefits office.
Whether you receive child allowance depends on the amount of income and significant assets you, your partner, and your child have.
Usually, you receive child allowance for 6 months. Once the approval period expires, you must reapply for child allowance.
Child allowance is calculated separately for each child. You receive a maximum of €292 per child per month. The instant supplement introduced in 2022 amounting to €20 is already included.
If you receive child allowance, you must inform the family benefits office about changes in your personal circumstances and those of your family.
Requirements for Child Allowance
- Your child lives in your household, is under 25 years old, and is not married or in a registered partnership.
- You receive child benefit (or a comparable benefit) for your child.
- The gross income of your family is at least €900 (couples) or €600 (single parents).
- You would have enough money for the maintenance of your family if you received child allowance and possibly housing allowance in addition to your income.
〉〉 Note Regarding Current Events 〈〈
In 2024, according to current law, there is no child bonus or child leisure bonus, contrary to current misinformation on social media. The family benefits office of the BA continues to pay out its benefits as usual, including child benefit and child allowance.